question:Analyze one cognitive neuroscience approach to research motivation in the laboratory and one approach for a natural environment.
In cognitive neuroscience, researchers explore the neurological mechanisms and processes that underlie cognitive functions such as learning, memory, decision-making, and motivation. This area of study integrates the disciplines of neuroscience and psychology. It offers a vital tool for understanding the intricacies of human behavior and the underlying reasons that drive such behaviors. While researching human motivation in the laboratory, cognitive neuroscience techniques often focus on investigating how a person’s brain functions in response to a task or reward. Researchers can assess changes in brain activity due to motivation by using neuroimaging methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (Domenico, Rayan, 2017). For instance, to determine the amount of inspiration present, researchers may compare the levels of brain activity that occur while a person is engaged in a task to the stories of brain activity that occur when the subject is given a reward. In addition, neuropsychological tests may determine how a person’s desire to finish a job changes throughout a specific period. These activities may be used to test the impacts of various motivators and to evaluate the effects of multiple types of incentives on one’s level of motivation.
In contrast to research conducted in a laboratory setting, cognitive neuroscience techniques for investigating reason in a natural context often center on watching people’s behavior in their natural environments. To carry out this kind of study, data collection is required, and some examples of such sources are questionnaires, direct observations, and interviews. A researcher may, for instance, watch how youngsters behave in their classroom and make notes on how they react to various activities and incentives. Researchers can obtain insight into the motives and motivations of people in a variety of multiple circumstances via the use of this form of study. In addition, this kind of study may give helpful information regarding how various types of motivators and incentives impact an individual’s level of motivation in multiple circumstances.
In general, techniques that are grounded in cognitive neuroscience offer a valuable instrument for studying motivation in both controlled and natural settings. Researchers can design more effective therapies and interventions to boost positive motivation and goal accomplishment if they can learn more about the neurological mechanisms and processes underlying motivation. In addition, these methodologies may provide light on how various stimuli and incentives influence an individual’s stimulation level in multiple settings.
Di Domenico, S. I., & Ryan, R. M. (2017). The Emerging Neuroscience of Intrinsic Motivation: A New Frontier in Self-Determination Research. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 11, 145. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2017.00145